The negotiations “focused on auto exports, tariffs on steel and aluminum, as well as the milk, egg and poultry markets.” One provision “prevents any party from enacting laws that restrict the flow of data across borders.” [11] Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA increases environmental and labour regulations and provides incentives for greater domestic production of cars and trucks. [12] The agreement also provides updated intellectual property protections, gives the U.S. better access to the Canadian dairy market, imposes a quota on Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases the duty-free limit for Canadians who purchase U.S. products online from $20 to $150.

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