The expanded NDC updates our commitment for 2015 with the absolute goal of achieving emissions of 65 MTCO2e (million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent) by 2030. Singapore`s LEDS builds on this improved NDC by striving to halve our emissions from their peak to 33 MTCO2e by 2050, to reach net-zero emissions in the second half of the century. We hope that our announcement will encourage other parties to do the same, which will strengthen the momentum of the global fight against climate change and that we will seize this opportunity to implement an inclusive and sustainable recovery from COVID-19. That`s about five years after Singapore, as part of the historic Paris Agreement in 2015, made its first climate pledge, which laid out its plans to limit its greenhouse gas emissions that warm greenhouse gases by 2030. In July 2016, Singapore published our Climate Change Plan, which details our strategies for adapting to the effects of climate change, such as. B the implementation of coastal and infrastructure protection measures. The plan also outlines our approach to reducing carbon emissions by 2030, which includes: (i) improving energy efficiency; (ii) reducing carbon emissions from electricity generation; (iii) developing advanced technologies for low-carbon technologies; and (iv) through the collective action of governmental authorities, individuals, companies and the Community. These steps are reflected in Singapore`s climate pledges (i.e. our National Determination Contribution or NDC) under the UNFCCC. .