The agreement recognises the role of non-stakeholders in the fight against climate change, including cities, other sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector and others. Each year, the Parties to the UNFCCC meet to review and review progress on the Agreement, related agreements and their implementation. The Presidency represents the EU in these international forums, known as the “United Nations Climate Change Conferences” (or Co-Conferences of the Parties). It will also allow the parties to gradually increase their contribution to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. Due to the COVID-19-induced lockdown and the economic recession, EU emissions are expected to decrease by 10% to 11% in 2020 compared to 2019. This would result in an overall decline of 34-35% in 2020 below the 1990 level. The economic recovery in 2021 is expected to lead to a 2% increase in emissions compared to 2020. Measures already implemented at Member States` national level will lead to a reduction in emissions of around 37% in 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Achieving Europe`s renewable energy and energy efficiency targets will lead to a 48% reduction in emissions by 2030. This indicates that the EU is on track to meet or exceed its current 2030 emissions reduction target, which is insufficient. A significant reinforcement of this objective is therefore not only feasible, but also necessary to meet the requirement of “the greatest possible ambition” of the Paris Agreement. Dutch Environment Minister and Council President Sharon Dijksma and European Commission Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič sign the agreement on behalf of the EU at a high-level ceremony in New York, USA.
To contribute to the objectives of the agreement, countries presented broad national climate change plans (national contributions, NDCs). These are not yet sufficient to meet the temperature targets, but the agreement sets out the way forward. Since our last update in December 2019, the EU271 has taken a big step forward to regain its position as a climate leader in the field of climate protection. Although its measures to combat climate change are not yet compatible with the Paris Agreement, it is characterized by the fact that it makes climate protection the engine of economic recovery compared to other countries. The EU`s main weakness remains the outdated and very inadequate target of reducing emissions by at least 40% by 2030. In September, the Commission recommended that the EU increase its target to at least 55% (INCLUDING LULUCF); But that doesn`t go far enough. Raising this target to 65%, accompanied by funding for climate change measures abroad, would make the EU the leading region, commitments compatible with the Paris Agreement. As these changes do not yet translate into a significant increase in the EU`s emissions reduction target, the CAT considers the EU27 to be “insufficient”.
A new global agreement on climate change was reached on 12 December. . . .