If the world remains on the path marked by the recent bilateral agreement between the United States and China on emissions reduction and the Lima agreement, the global average temperature will exceed 2 degrees Celsius. Beyond this threshold, scientists believe, the magnitude of climate change is likely catastrophic. Sam Smith, the head of climate policy at the World Wildlife Fund, was quoted by the BBC as saying: “The text has gone from low to low and is indeed very weak and, in fact, very weak.” An intergovernmental commission drafted a constitution that was adopted in Vienna in 1979. However, the objections and doubts of industrialized countries about the need for a specialized agency have contributed to delaying the ratification process. In order to ensure the entry into force of the new organisation, which essentially counts all the major states, the General Assembly called, through the resolutions adopted in 1982 and 1984, for a series of formal consultations between the future Member States, which ultimately led to a general agreement on the entry into force of the new UNIDO Constitution. All the necessary formal requirements were met in 1985 and in December of the same year UNIDO became the sixteenth UN special agency, headquartered in Vienna. When 194 countries come together for a climate change conference and disperse, while most nations say they have something, it should be a triumph of diplomacy. But the weakness of the agreement that the oppressed negotiators brought home to the Conference of the Parties (CoP), concluded on 14 December in Lima, is quite the opposite. Environmental groups around the world have expressed dismay at the Lima agreement. In this context, the fact that all participating nations have agreed on a final project is taken for granted. This means that there is now a global consensus on the need for action to combat climate change. That`s why the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) said the Lima agreement leading the world towards a more ambitious goal at a summit in Paris next December to bring together a binding long-term global agreement on climate change.
Getting these billions out of poverty while limiting climate change is a challenge that cannot be met within the framework defined in Lima. The real fight that is brewing is the lack of economic democracy, not only between nations, but also between the world`s North and the world`s South. The agreement signed at the Lima climate change conference was supposed to be a triumph of diplomacy, but the reality is exactly the opposite. While the agreement means that there is now global unanimity on the need to combat climate change, the text of the agreement goes to almost all indicators In a blog post titled “Limping home from Lima,” Aldan Meyer, director of policy and strategy for the Massachusetts-based Union of Scientists, said that “climate change is progressing. but too many leaders act like we have all the time in the world. Supporters of the Lima agreement say it is a great success, with the two major emitters of greenhouse gases, China and the United States, committing to the need to combat climate change. Even more so since the recent U.S. general election has strengthened Republicans – many of whom still believe that climate change is not due to human action. UNIDO supports countries in their environmental management efforts, including the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements and the provision of sustainable energy. It contributes to the creation of new green industries, establishes national roadmaps for greening the supply chain, identifies benchmarks and indicators, disseminates best practices, implements clean technology programs, conducts various capacity-building exercises and contributes to international forums with the necessary research and expertise.