Despite this tragic event, the Tashkent Declaration was considered a great success of Soviet diplomacy in the settlement of international conflicts. The declaration was not well received in India. The agreement was approved by the Indian National Congress Party and the Communist Party of India, but opposition parties said the peace treaty had demoralized the country. However, the ceasefire was fragile and the conflict could have resumed at any time. The Soviet Union felt the need for a more binding agreement and proposed to act as a mediator, with the personal participation of Kosygin, President of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. According to The Memoirs of contemporaries, Kosygin played a crucial role in finding a solution to the Indo-Pakistani conflict, as he enjoyed the confidence of both sides. In India, the people also criticized the agreement because the Pakistani president and the Indian prime minister did not sign a guerrilla pact in Kashmir. After the day of this declaration, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur died on the day of a sudden heart attack. After him, no one accepted this statement, and it was ignored by the next government. The declaration only ended the hostilities between India and Pakistan, but left the issue of Kashmir between the two, and neither side has been able to reach an agreement to date. VI The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take steps to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan. Although India readily accepted the offer of Kosygin`s mediation on 23 September, Pakistan, after some hesitation, did so on 11 November 1965.

Kosygin`s mediation efforts were also supported by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and British Prime Minister Harold Wilson. Shastri justified his decision to accept the Soviet mediation offer to Parliament: “No one can ever dispute the idea that India and Pakistan must finally live together as peaceful neighbours. We cannot therefore say no to the efforts that can contribute to the creation of such a situation made by those who are sincere and sincere in their feelings of goodwill and friendship.┬áBefore leaving for the capital of Uzbekistan, Shastri said in an interview with All India Radio (AIR): “Jawaharlalji said that the Soviet Union had given us many gifts; the most precious gift was the gift of friendship. I can do better than repeat those feelings.┬áDiscussions began on 3 January 1966 in Tashkent with Kosygin, who met Shastri and Ayub, first separately before subsequent summits. Previously, shortly after the ceasefire, the Security Council adopted a resolution calling for the withdrawal of all armed personnel from their pre-August 5, 1965 posts.

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